Library Online Resource Aids Study of the Languages of China

Around 16% of the world’s population speak some form of Chinese as a first language. Mandarin is the primary language of about 960 million people; 400 million more speak languages that spring from the same root as Mandarin but aren’t mutually intelligible, similar to the ways in which romance languages differ from each other. Then there are other indigenous languages in China unrelated to classical Chinese.

Now the Library is offering Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics to help scholars and students better understand the history and development of the most widely spoken language in the world. If you’re studying a Chinese language, you need this resource.

More than 500 article and thousands of entries include information on

  • lexicon, syntax, and sound structure of the Sinitic and non-Sinitic languages of China
  • history of languages in China and their situation today
  • history of Chinese linguistics, indigenous and Western traditions
  • sociolinguistics, language contact, and language variation
  • psycho- and neurolinguistic studies of Chinese, including first language acquisition
  • Chinese in the diaspora
  • Chinese loanwords in other languages

One article seeks to explain the relationship between the brain and Chinese language processing.

The Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive overview of the languages of China and the different ways in which they are and have been studied. It provides authoritative treatment of all important aspects of the languages spoken in China, today and in the past, from many different angles, as well as the different linguistic traditions they have been investigated in.

Please check the Library’s list of new online resources. It’s updated daily!

Civil Rights Pilgrimage a Personal Journey for Library Employees

We cannot forget that in order to make the impact in the space that we’re in, we have a responsibility to ourselves, and those around us, to keep ourselves completely immersed in and informed about the community that surrounds us.—Trayc Freeman

Three Library staffers—Fine Arts Library evening manager Trayc Freeman, ACRL Diversity Alliance Resident Librarian Sony Prosper, and Technical Lead for Library Digital Production Eze Amos—were among the UVA contingent traveling with the Charlottesville Civil Rights Pilgrimage to the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, AL.

The group delivered a sample of earth from a site near Charlottesville that lynching victim John Henry James bled into one hundred and twenty years ago. The sample was transferred to a jar that bears James’ name with the place and date of his murder, and has been added to the Legacy Museum’s collection of samples from other lynching sites around the country.

During the journey, the Library employees have been a valuable source of news back home—Sony Prosper posting on Twitter @BaldwinBlue and Eze Amos on @ezeamosphotography. Trayc Freeman’s BLACKHISTORY blog provided in-depth commentary on the group’s day-by-day itinerary as it made stops at places important to the history of the Civil Rights Movement.

Along the way, Freeman slipped off for an unscheduled visit to North Carolina A&T and the University’s “powerful” memorial to four students who staged a 1962 sit-in at a “whites only” Woolworth lunch counter (the original lunch counter is preserved in the Greensboro International Civil Rights Center and Museum). She observed reactions to a “gruesome” lynching photo in the Charlotte, NC Levine Museum of the New South, and noted how the Sweet Auburn Historic District of Atlanta—Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s childhood home—came about when a 1906 killing spree by a white mob “pushed Black businesses away from the downtown area.” And she was shaken by items on display in Birmingham’s 16th Street Baptist Church—shoes and a Bible belonging to twelve-year-old Carol Denise McNair, and a brick fragment taken from her skull after she and three other girls were killed by a bomb blast in the church basement in 1963.

For Freeman, who earned a B.A. in African American Studies, “this trip almost serves as a culmination of everything I’ve studied thus far.” And she hopes to use her Master’s degree in Education Psychology “to discuss the ways society has continued to impact the education of Black students.”

Please visit Trayc Freeman’s BLACKHISTORY blog and learn more about the sites visited by the pilgrimage, and more about Black history and culture.

The Library Brings DETAIL Inspiration to Faculty and Students

The Laban Centre, institution for modern dance in London

The Library is now offering online access to the architecture journal DETAIL Inspiration, providing both detail and inspiration to planners, architects, faculty, students, and anyone with a Library user ID. The database is continually updated with online versions of the latest print issues, allowing users to search through the last 30 years of articles covering projects from around the world—over 3,000 of them.

DETAIL Inspiration uses precise, relevant visual inspirations to support searches for construction solutions.

Users can browse by

  • building types (e.g. stores, factories, galleries, museums, colleges, libraries, hospitals, hotels, homes, places of worship, courthouses)
  • materials (bricks, ceramics, concrete, glass, stone, metal),
  • topics (stairs, roofs, interiors, facades, high-rises),
  • locations (countries listed alphabetically from Australia to Vietnam),
  • years (1949 to the present).

Whether you’re interested in supporting structures or a certain type of building in a specific country, you can find relevant project examples as well as an array of technical information about architecture, building details, and construction.

Each project is introduced by a photo and a brief description; and the journal articles are viewable as PDFs that you can download at no charge!

DETAIL Inspiration is just one of the online resources offered by the Library. Please check our list of new online resources. It’s updated daily!

Library Staffers Bear Witness to a Lynching, Join Pilgrimage in Fight for Social Justice

The National Memorial for Peace and Justice monument to victims of lynching

On Sunday, July 8—a year since the Klan marched in Charlottesville to protest the removal of a monument to Robert E. Lee, and a little less than a year since a white supremacist rally downtown turned deadly—about 100 Charlottesville residents embarked on a Charlottesville Civil Rights Pilgrimage, determined to call attention to the fact that racist violence is not new to Charlottesville.

The pilgrims, who are traveling by bus to the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, AL, bear a sample of soil collected from a site near Farmington Country Club where in 1898 a white mob boarded a train and dragged off a black man, John Henry James. They hanged him to a tree and fired 75 bullets into his body. Some in the mob collected pieces of his clothing for souvenirs.

The soil will become part of the National Memorial’s collection of jars containing soil from other lynching sites—a means of bearing witness to a reality unfamiliar to most white people, but all too familiar to African Americans.

Among the pilgrims are Library staffers Eze Amos (from the Digital Production Team), Trayc Freeman (Fine Arts Evening Manager), and Sony Prosper (ACRL Diversity Alliance Resident Librarian in the Small Special Collections Library).

Please follow the journey of the Library staffers, and visit Trayc Freeman’s BLACKHISTORY blog as the pilgrimage stops along the way at sites of historical significance in the continuing struggle for equality and social justice.

UVA Library Welcomes Diversity Alliance Resident Librarians

The University of Virginia Library is delighted to welcome our inaugural ACRL Diversity Alliance Resident Librarians, Hanni Nabahe and Sony Prosper. They arrive with impressive academic and experiential histories.

ACRL Diversity Alliance Resident Librarians, Hanni Nabahe and Sony Prosper outside of Clemons Library

ACRL Diversity Alliance Resident Librarians Hanni Nabahe (left) and Sony Prosper

Nabahe was an ARL/SSA Mosaic Fellow, an ARL Career Enhancement Fellow, and Outstanding Graduate Student of her 2016 MLIS class at the University of Arizona. She also earned an MBA, also from Arizona, in May of 2018. Prior to that, she spent eight years as an instructional librarian at the Pima County Public Library in Tucson.

Nabahe’s residency will be in the Scholarly Communications wing of Scholarly Resources and Content Strategy in open publishing, open access, changes in subscription models, author rights, and preservation of the scholarly record. She will be working primarily with Senior Director of Content Stewardship and Scholarly Communication Chip German and Open Publishing Librarian Dave Ghamandi.

Prosper was an ALA Spectrum Scholar and an ARL Diversity Scholar (2015-17). He earned an MLIS from Simmons College in May of 2018. Prosper has worked in the archives of Tufts University and the Cambridge, Massachusetts Public Library.

Prosper will be working as a Resident Librarian for Special Collections with Curator Molly Schwartzburg and Instruction Librarian Krystal Appiah. His projects will be split between those two functions and developed around in-house needs and his own interests and subject strengths.

The residency program is part of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Diversity Alliance, which the University of Virginia Library joined in 2016. The alliance of 40+ academic libraries “unites academic libraries committed to increasing the hiring pipeline of qualified and talented individuals from underrepresented racial and ethnic groups.” The program is a three-year residency for early career librarians, with the express purpose of enriching the profession by introducing new perspectives and encouraging dialogue among librarians from diverse backgrounds.

The Library Offers Researchers a Comprehensive Look at History of the Atlantic Slave Trade

While the President’s Commission on Slavery and the University is lifting a veil from the history of enslaved African Americans who lived and worked on Grounds, the Library is offering researchers the online resource Slavery and Anti-Slavery—the most complete documentary archive on the world-wide commerce in lives of which UVA was a part.

Gale publishing has assembled 12,049 books, 170 serials, 71 manuscript collections, 377 Supreme Court records and briefs, and 194 reference articles dealing with the trans-Atlantic slave trade and efforts on both sides of the Atlantic to abolish it.

Click the “Research Tools” tab for valuable context to guide your research. For instance, did you know that only 6 percent of enslaved Africans who were shipped across the Atlantic were taken to the United States? The fact that 94 percent went to other parts of the western hemisphere demonstrates the international scope of the Atlantic slave trade. The Research Tools tab also shows the four-part structure of the database, and the collections covered by each part—below are just a few of the primary sources waiting to be discovered!

Part I, Debates over Slavery and Abolition contains

  • The Anti-Slavery Collection from Oberlin College—a project begun in the 1880s by librarian Henry Matson to collect “every book, every pamphlet, every report, every tract, every newspaper, and every private letter on the subject.”
  • The Slavery and Abolition Collections from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture—65,000 volumes and 226,000 manuscripts from the 17th to the 20th century, including slave deeds, passes, manumission papers, wills, speeches, letters, and more.

Part II, Slave Trade in the Atlantic World

  • Africa Squadron, 1843–1861—U.S. naval commanders’ reports on the enforcement of American laws against slave trading, as well as on the seizure of slaving vessels.
  • Appellate Case File No. 2161, United States v. The Amistad—documents pertaining to the Supreme Court case that declared the African captives who seized the slave-ship Amistad in 1839 were justified in using force to free themselves and would not be returned to their captors as property.
  • Company of Royal Adventurers of England Trading in Africa, and Successors—account books, diaries, shipping records, and letters tracking the slaving voyages of Britain’s Royal African Company.

Part III, The Institution of Slavery

  • British Library Collections—plantation records, accounts of insurrections, and travels in the British and European colonies of Africa, the West Indies, and the Americas from the 17th to the 19th century.
  • Court Cases and other documents from the Mississippi Department of Archives and History—deeds, wills, court cases, and petitions seeking compensation for slavery, manumission, and even a return to bondage by freed people desperate to remain with their families.
  • Appellate Case File No. 3230, Dred Scott v. Sandford—papers filed in the incendiary Supreme Court case that declared African Americans were not citizens and therefore were not entitled to the protection of the law.
  • Records related to Slavery from the Court of King’s Bench, Privy Council, and Treasury—collections related to the Zong Massacre in which a sea captain murdered 250 people, casting them into the sea to prevent the spread of disease aboard a crowed slaver.

Part IV, The Age of Emancipation

  • Various Manuscript collections—for example, the papers of abolitionist and women’s rights advocate Lucy Stone Blackwell (1818–1893), including correspondence with Susan B. Anthony, Henry Ward Beecher, William Lloyd Garrison and others.
  • Freedman’s Aid Society Records, 1866–1932—correspondence, financial papers, annual reports, and meetings of the group that was established to promote schools and colleges for African Americans in the South.

Day 5: Library High School Interns 2018

This summer marks the second year of the Library’s High School Internship program, wherein students from central Virginia join the Library for short-term paid internships in the Library. Students from all backgrounds and of all abilities are encouraged to apply.

What follows is one of a series of daily blog posts that interns compose during their time at the Library. Are you a student (or parent) and want to know more about summer Library internships? Ask your guidance counselor or contact Phylissa Mitchell at lm6g@virginia.edu.


Today, I finally learned the definition of an academic library! I’ve heard the term many times within the past week and I had an idea of what it’s definition might be, but I was not 100% sure before today. This internship has caused me to realize that there are many professions that appear vastly different from the outside looking in than vice versa. I realize that there are many activities/ jobs that may not appeal to me now, but once I give it a shot, that may completely change. I don’t believe any of my future plans or ideas have changed greatly, but it has taught me a valuable lesson.

Khalia


Over the course of this internship, I learned many things. The first being that there are many different career paths that you can take. Also how smoothly things run. With a the different parts and jobs but that all perfectly fit together to run a successful library. They have preservation, digitization, IT, scholars lab, and user experience to name a few. I also learned how to make a box to protect and preserve a book. Each box is custom made to one particular book. There are two the same. I learned to archive websites soon like twenty years I can go back and see that website. Those are only some of the things I have learned this week. The internship hasn’t really changed my view of my future. It has opened my eyes a bit more. Being a librarian is one of my top three career choices. This didn’t change that but it did kind of go up the list a little bit.

Minuette


I learned pretty much everything that I know about libraries during this internship. I didn’t know much about them. I learned how to locate books, and that there are many other resources to use other than books for research. I realized that libraries are capable of a lot more than just shelving books and checking them out to people. They themselves can be such a big help to students when it comes to things that they need. This internship helped me understand how to utilize library materials a lot better than I had before.

Kalani


I really didn’t know that libraries consisted of this much workflow. Everyone needs each other to keep the next station going. It all seems to work like gears in a machine. This internship has shown me how to function in a large organization (like Alderman). It also has shown me that working in a library isn’t as boring as people may think.

Q.T.


 

Day 4: Library High School Interns 2018

This summer marks the second year of the Library’s High School Internship program, wherein students from central Virginia join the Library for short-term paid internships in the Library. Students from all backgrounds and of all abilities are encouraged to apply.

What follows is one of a series of daily blog posts that interns compose during their time at the Library. Are you a student (or parent) and want to know more about summer Library internships? Ask your guidance counselor or contact Phylissa Mitchell at lm6g@virginia.edu.


Friday June 15

What is your proudest accomplishment while interning at the UVA Library thus far and why?

My proudest accomplishment is being able to get this internship. I’m extremely grateful that I was chosen to be one of the interns. So my proudest accomplishment is this whole internship.

Grant


My proudest accomplishment is building the relationship i have with all of my peers and adult associates. Relationships can take you very far in life and u feel like these ones will make a big difference in my future. Everyone just has a great atmosphere that they bring with them wherever they go and its amazing. I hope to keep in touch with all of them as the days wind down to the end of this internship.

Q.T.


So far, I am proud of all of the activities I have had the opportunity to participate in. I have accomplished being open and engaged in all of the activities, despite how uninterested I may have originally been to the topic. I have briefly learned the basics of computer coding, spoke to numerous people that work throughout the library, and visited many of the libraries here on UVA’s campus. I am also very proud of how I have interacted with the other interns because I am usually very introverted, but I have been able to show my personality and be myself, which is a surprise to me! And excites me because I will have to use this skill in the fall upon arriving at Christopher Newport University.

Khalia


My proudest accomplishment so far during my time at the UVA Library is just the level of knowledge I’ve gained about libraries in general. This internship has allowed me to see and experience a few of the many different components of a library. Getting to understand that there’s more to libraries than what we see in schools, such as things like checking-out books and shelving, has been really amazing. As a result of it, my level of appreciation for library staff and faculty as well as libraries themselves has increased substantially.

Kalani


Sewed pamphlet

Sewed pamphlet

My proudest accomplishment so far in the program would being able to make different types of pamphlets. The pamphlets protect the books from getting damaged or harmed. I learned two different types, sewed and pocket. The pocket one is like it’s name. It’s a pocket that you put in a protective folder that you put the book into. The second is also like it’s name we sew the book into a protective folder.

 

Minuette

 

 


 

Library Receives Grant from LYRASIS for “Digital Collecting in Times of Crisis”

The following article was written by Kara McClurken, Director, Preservation Services, and posted on her behalf

The University of Virginia Library is delighted to announce that we have received a Catalyst Fund grant from LYRASIS, a non-profit organization supporting access to the world’s shared academic, scientific and cultural heritage. “Digital Collecting in Times of Crisis” will enable cultural institutions and communities to be better prepared to implement digital collecting strategies during and after rapidly evolving social events, such as natural disasters, controversies and public emergencies. Digital photos, videos, and social media content are major components of these community experiences, and collecting them as well as other materials (posters, ephemera, traditional media reports, etc.) is important to documenting such pivotal events. While some tools exist that can help a library or archives gather information, a range of technical, legal, and infrastructure issues are involved that hamper the ability of an organization to move forward quickly.

“4th St., August 13, 2017”—Photo by Divya Darling in the August 11–12 Collection from the UVA Library’s Digital Collecting of the “‘Unite the Right’ Rally and Community Response”

The grant will allow us to survey libraries, archives, and museums to determine what issues prevent an institution from quickly collecting and providing access to collections that have to do with crisis events. The data from these interviews will not only assist us in the adaptation of a current tool to better assist institutions who need to quickly collect digital content, but will also provide us with information that may be used for other grants to get institutions one step closer to having a digital collecting emergency response plan.

The second part of the project will attempt to solve some of those issues by adapting default themes and templates in the open source publishing platform Omeka to create templates and themes that can be used in times of crisis. The project will also create documentation to help less technically-adept users and institutions quickly set up spaces to collect and provide access to digital content that is created during times of crisis.

The LYRASIS Catalyst Fund is designed to foster innovation among libraries, archives, and museums. UVA Library was one of 6 projects funded this year—read the press release from LYRASIS to learn more.

Day 3: Library High School Interns 2018

This summer marks the second year of the Library’s High School Internship program, wherein students from central Virginia join the Library for short-term paid internships in the Library. Students from all backgrounds and of all abilities are encouraged to apply.

What follows is one of a series of daily blog posts that interns compose during their time at the Library. Are you a student (or parent) and want to know more about summer Library internships? Ask your guidance counselor or contact Phylissa Mitchell at lm6g@virginia.edu.


Thursday June 14

What is the most interesting job you have undertaken and/or skill you have gained while interning at the library so far?

So far, the most interesting job I have undertaken has been going over the call numbers. I say this has been the most interesting experience because the books that were reviewed were considered to be “rare books”. This collection of books came from a man named Julian Bond, who was a professor at UVA and played an active role in the Civil Rights movement. It wasn’t just doing the job, but it was also what I learned as a result of it. I was able to gain a better understanding of how rare books are deemed rare.

Kalani


The most interesting task i have undertaken has been digitizing books into the online library. There are many objectives in this process, such as: capturing images of the pages, cropping the pages, naming the data, and uploading it all to the website. It didn’t take me long to get used to the routine. It all soon became muscle memory after day 2 with my interest in the technology itself. I’d be very happy to continue this process even after today; even though it was my last in that section of the building.

Q.T.


The most interesting job I have done so far during this internship is the brief introduction that I have gotten regarding computer coding on a particular website. I, personally, have not done too much with this particular job, but I will practice a bit tomorrow. This is cool because I am not techy at all so it is new to me. I also will get to see how real life annotations and analysis of a particular subject that has been handwriting correlate or is transformed into computer codes. I am practicing plenty of skills I already have and deepening the intensity of any one of those particular skills, but one that stands out is the ability to compare my own interpretations and opinions to that of an author and draw conclusions between different works based upon this. I am interested in politics so the ability to understand and relate someone else’s opinion to mine in an effective or collaborative way will become very useful in the future.

Khalia


The most interesting job that I have been given is looking over the late ’90s and early 2000s thesis and dissertation. I get to look over them and read them. I look for the links and make sure that the links work. Since it’s been like 15 years since they were made and websites disappear or change over the years. That’s why we need to archive them. The most interesting skill I have learned so far is learning to archive websites, so that in later years we can see them as they were intended to be seen and/or read. It’s the most interesting skill because I didn’t know that you could archive things on the internet.

Minuette


The most interesting thing that I’ve learned so far is how easily the library faculty has control over all its computers. This means that no matter how far a mac of a windows computer is from UVA the faculty and staff that preside over that department have the ability to shut down or reinstall deleted programs on said computers. This is really interesting because its means libraries are more than the sum of their parts. As i’ve said before people who work in libraries are amazing they Phds in all different areas but work at a library and that just makes all the different stuff they do interesting.

Grant