From the earliest existing issue of the Cherokee Phoenix (1828) to present-day news about education, environmentalism, land rights, and cultural representation, researchers now have access to nearly 200 years of print journalism by and for Indigenous peoples of the United States and Canada in the Library’s new online resource American Indian Newspapers, from Adam Matthew. The new resource combines extensive collections from two archives:
- The Sequoyah National Research Center, the University of Arkansas at Little Rock holds the world’s most comprehensive collection of American Indian, Alaska Native, and First Nations newspapers and periodicals—2,800 titles published by tribal communities and governments, Native organizations, language programs, and other groups. In addition to printed text, the archive has rare manuscripts, maps, posters, photographs, and audio-visual recordings. The digitized collection includes a century of titles from 1904 to 2016.
- The Newberry Library in Chicago offers access to a wide array of non-circulating material—rare books, maps, music, manuscripts, and print from 1828 to 1956, including the oldest item: the March 6, 1828 issue of the bilingual Cherokee Phoenix with text in Cherokee translated into English. The archive has material published in other indigenous languages including Navajo, Ōlelo Hawaiʻi, and Chinuk Wawa.
Most publications in American Indian Newspapers grew out of the first flowering of activism following the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973. Topics include self-determination and the American Indian Movement (AIM), but also cover a broad range of Indigenous political opinion and information about reservation and urban community life, economic development, civil rights, environmental movements, and cultural identity. Not only national periodicals but local community news and student publications comprise 45 unique titles in the archive.